It is a mineral characterized by a wealth of forms, we already know over two thousand forms of its crystals. Completely pure calcite crystals are capable of refracting light, this ability made people believe in its power to enhance magical abilities. Depending on the color of the stone, they are assigned various esoteric properties. Orange is believed to support the development of creativity, pink is called the stone of forgiveness and unconditional love, blue is effective against laziness, and red stimulates the senses.

Calcite in history

Due to its common occurrence and variety of forms, calcite has been used in ornamentation and jewelry for centuries. His optical abilities were investigated, among others, by Sir Isaac Newton. Before the legendary scientist became interested in it, it was used by the Vikings. The Nordics called pure calcite the sun stone. They used its ability to diffuse light to find direction on a cloudy day. Thanks to the reflection of sunlight, in low visibility, they could navigate during sea voyages.

A brittle mineral with many uses

Calcite occupies more than 4% of the mass of the Earth's crust and is one of the most popular stones in the world. It comes in many colors, from white through reds to green and blue. Interestingly, under the influence of ultraviolet radiation, they are capable of fluorescing yellow, pink or red. It is a fragile mineral, only 3 units on the Mohs scale.

Its physicochemical properties make it used in the construction, chemical and metallurgical industries. Interestingly, it is also used in the agricultural and sugar industries. Many areas of craftsmanship also benefit from what it has to offer. In addition to jewelers, it is also used by glaziers, sculptors and potters.