The name of this mineral has a very interesting history. It is believed to be derived from jade amulets worn by the Spanish conquistadors. They thought it would be an effective protection against kidney problems. They called them "piedra de ijada," which means lumbar stone.
Most jades should make a good fortune both spiritually and financially. Green jade is called the "dream stone" by esotericists. They believe that by holding a stone under a pillow, you can get dreams full of hints about a person's life. The blue variety of the mineral was called the "philosopher's stone", the energy of which helps to suppress excessive anger and look at the world with a calmer eye.
A stone of great value to the Ancients
The largest supplier of jade is Burma. Since antiquity, it has been supplying China with translucent imperial jade, with a deep emerald color. Small figures were made of it to protect houses or jade crumbs were carried in pockets to protect themselves from all misfortunes.
However, the history of this mineral in China goes back to the Neolithic Age (around 3000 BC). Already at that time, ritual objects and items protecting the dead were manufactured. One of the most impressive items is the stone armor in which some of China's rulers were buried. It often took half a century to prepare such an armor, and the problem was to select stones in the right colors.
Not only the Chinese valued this green mineral. Jade hatchets and ancient pits operated by the Maya have been found in Guatemala. In New Zealand this stone is called "pounamu" by Maoris. In search of it, they led expeditions to remote and inaccessible corners of the South Island. Pounamu replaced metal for the Maori, appreciating the sharpness of the edge of the mineral as well as its hardness.
Jade, contender to the diamond throne
The hardness of jade on the Mohs scale was rated 6.5-7. An interesting use of jade is its scientific significance. It is used to assess the conditions and nature of rock transformations. It is a highly valued stone - the most expensive specimens can cost up to $ 20,000 per carat! Thin specimens of nearly clear white jade can offset the price of diamonds.
For centuries, wearing jade not only brought good luck, but also determined the social status of the owner. Today, instead of wearing jade daggers, we are leaning towards beautiful bracelets, necklaces and pendants.