It is uncertain where these gems got their name from. It was probably borrowed from the name of the clam species (Latin perna).
Pearls are popularly divided into cultivated and natural pearls. Natural pearls are those that are made without human interference. Pearls like these are extremely rare and therefore very expensive. Currently, the so-called cultured pearls. This means that the pearl is made as a result of deliberate human activity. Most often, tissue fragments of individuals with particularly beautiful shells are transplanted into less attractive mussels. Sometimes an artificial nucleus is also introduced, which shortens the cultivation time and provides a diagram of the shape that the pearl will take. Of course, cultured pearls are more readily available and therefore cheaper. Nevertheless, they are no less "real" than natural pearls. Pearls can also be divided into salt and freshwater, the latter are definitely more popular.
The history of pearls
The first interest in pearls can be seen in the legends that the first were basically the tears of angels. Beliefs have changed, and over the years it has come to be believed that pearls containing pearls were fertilized by a rainbow touching the surface of the ocean.
Of course, as with most beautiful items, they were credited with magical and healing powers. Powdered pearls were supposed to heal cardiovascular ailments, and pearl dissolved in lemon juice and milk was supposed to heal mental disorders.
They were already used for ornamental purposes in antiquity. However, the ancient jewelry has not been thoroughly investigated. Unfortunately, when I tried to touch those aged pearls, they turned into brown dust.
In the 17th century, strings of pearls were used in Poland as a hair ornament, which was called "kanak".
Interestingly, the first pearl cultures were founded by the Chinese in the 12th century! Later, the Japanese began to produce pearls on a larger scale, which in the 20th century almost completely ended the acquisition of natural pearls.
Pearls, the ornament of every woman
For centuries, pearls have adorned both men and women. Examples include crown rulers decorated with strings of pearls, or pictures and photographs of women wearing these jewels. They are simple and elegant jewelry, perfect for bracelets, necklaces or earrings.
Regardless of whether you wear pearls or deal with their processing - remember about proper care. As an organic material, they are less durable than gemstones. Pearls can be adversely affected by detergents, frequent exposure to moisture, and even cosmetics. It is estimated that pearls retain their luster for up to 150 years, some of them survived for several hundred years. Due to the low hardness of pearls (2.5-4.5 on the Mohs scale), it is recommended to store them in a way that guarantees no contact with metal objects.